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Teotihuacan, Mexico

Quetzalcoatl Temple located in Teotihuacan, Mexico

    The ancient city of Teotihuacan is the most visited of Mexico's archaeological sites. It is located about 31 miles North East of Mexico City. It was a large settlement by 150BC, its importance probably arising from a cave system with religious significance, located underneath the present day Pyramid of the Sun. As other settlements in the area diminished, Teotihuacan flourished and became a religious and economic center, controlling the region's production of obsidian.

    Teotihuacan means The City of the Gods, or Where Men Become Gods. The plazas, avenues, and great pyramids of the city of Teotihuacan were laid out as a symbolic sacred landscape of artificial foothills and mountains. The complex of approximately 600 pyramids of various sizes is dominated by the great Pyramid of the Sun which was built over a natural cave with four chambers.

    Teotihuacan is a unique city because the murals uncovered do not depict the violence or ritualistic sacrifices found in at ceremonial cites, they portray a society which seemed to be interested more in astronomy and the benevolent Quetzalcoatl.